Permalink Submitted by Trevor Strawbridge on Fri, The underlying issue here appears to be lack of regulations and hence less regard for workers well being before profit.
Toponymy[ edit ] The earliest detailed map of Croydon, drawn by the year-old Jean-Baptiste Say in As the vast majority of place names in the area are of Anglo-Saxon origin, the theory accepted by most philologists is that the name Croydon derives originally from the Anglo-Saxon croh, meaning " crocus ", and denu, " valley ", indicating that, like Saffron Walden in Essex, it was a centre for the cultivation of saffron.
Alternative, although less probable, theories of the name's origin have been proposed. According to John Corbett Anderson,  "The earliest mention of Croydon is in the joint will of Beorhtric and Aelfswth, dated about the year In this Anglo-Saxon document the name is spelt here he uses original script Crogdaene.
Crog was, and still is, the Norse or Danish word for crooked, which is expressed in Anglo-Saxon by crumb, a totally different word. From the Danish came our crook and crooked. This term accurately describes the locality; it is a crooked or winding valley; in reference to the valley that runs in an oblique and serpentine course from Godstone to Croydon.
However, there was no long-term Danish occupation see Danelaw in Surrey, which was part of Wessex, and Danish-derived nomenclature is also highly unlikely. More recently, David Lesson plan drafting writing anchor has speculated that the name might derive from a personal name, Crocus: The church and the archbishops' manor house occupied the area still known as "Old Town".
The archbishops used the manor house as an occasional place of residence: Its Domesday assets were: A charter issued by King Coenwulf of Mercia refers to a council that had taken place close to the monasterium meaning minster of Croydon.
The will of John de Croydon, fishmonger, dated 6 Decemberincludes a bequest to "the church of S John de Croydon", the earliest clear record of its dedication. The church still bears the arms of Archbishop Courtenay and Archbishop Chichelebelieved to have been its benefactors.
Croydon Palace in In Archbishop Robert Kilwardby acquired a charter for a weekly marketand this probably marks the foundation of Croydon as an urban centre.
The market place was laid out on the higher ground to the east of the manor house in the triangle now bounded by High Street, Surrey Street and Crown Hill. By the 16th century the manor house had become a substantial palace, used as the main summer home of the archbishops and visited by monarchs and other dignitaries.
The original palace was sold inby then dilapidated and surrounded by slums and stagnant ponds, and a new residenceat nearby Addingtonpurchased in its place.
Many of the buildings of the original Croydon Palace survive, and are in use today as Old Palace School. The Grade I listed Croydon Minster parish church The Parish Church now Croydon Minster is a Perpendicular -style church, which was remodelled in but destroyed in a great fire infollowing which only the tower, south porch, and outer walls remained.
A new church was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scottone of the greatest architects of the Victorian ageand opened in His design loosely followed the previous layout, with knapped flint facing and many of the original features, including several important tombs.
Croydon Parish Church is the burial place of six Archbishops of Canterbury: In addition to the suffragan Bishop of Croydonthe Vicar of Croydon is an important preferment. Six archbishops lived there between andwhen it was sold.
Between and it was the home of the Royal School of Church Music.
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It is now a conference and banqueting venue. Croydon was a leisure destination in the mid 19th century. Inone of England's most prominent architects, Decimus Burtondesigned a spa and pleasure gardens below Beulah Hill and off what is now Spa Hill in a bowl of land on the south-facing side of the hill around a spring of chalybeate water.
Burton was responsible for the Beulah Spa Hotel demolished around and the layout of the grounds. One widely publicised event was a "Grand Scottish Fete" on 16 September "with a tightrope performance by Pablo Fanquethe black circus performer who would later dominate the Victorian circus and achieve immortality in The Beatles song, Being for the Benefit of Mr.
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