State Marijuana Laws in Map Thirty states and the District of Columbia currently have laws broadly legalizing marijuana in some form. Eight states and the District of Columbia have adopted the most expansive laws legalizing marijuana for recreational use. Most recently, sales of recreational-use marijuana in California kicked off on Jan. In Massachusetts, retail sales of cannabis are expected to start later this year in July.
Cannabis in the Clinic? The Medical Marijuana Debate Until its prohibition inextract of Cannabis sativa marijuana was one of the top three most prescribed medicines in the US. When it became illegal, its use as a medicine became restricted. Despite these regulations, research on the medical use of marijuana continued.
In recent years, when some states decided to legalize smoked marijuana for certain patients, medical marijuana became a subject of contentious debate. Should patients be allowed to grow their own plants?
Might medical use inevitably lead to recreational use? The Endocannabinoid System We have two types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 receptors are expressed on the surface of neurons, and CB2 receptors are expressed on cells of the immune system.
The active compounds in marijuana are similar to a class of molecules in our bodies called endocannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system influences our immune system, protects nerve cells from premature death, and influences mood, memory, appetite, sleep, sensation, and movement.
Both endocannabinoids and the compounds in marijuana bind to proteins called cannabinoid receptors in the brain and throughout the body. The trend is moving toward legalization. The Wikipedia page Medical cannabis in the United States has up-to-date legal information. Each state has its own regulations to control details such as allowable quantities and registration requirements.
However, in June ofthe Supreme Court ruled that individuals in all states can still be prosecuted under federal law, under which medical marijuana remains illegal under the Controlled Substances Act "There are different kinds of pain. Schedule I drugs are defined by Congress as having no medicinal value.
The one exception to this classification allows for use in FDA-approved research programs. Research suggests that there are conditions for which medical marijuana may be an effective treatment: Cancer - Relieves nausea during chemotherapy treatment, may prevent the spread of some cancers.
Neurological disorders including spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis - Reduces pain and spasticity resulting from nerve damage. Inflammatory pain - Cannabinoids seem to be more effective than opiates in treating long-term, chronic pain. Opiates are better for treating short-term acute pain.
Autoimmune diseases such as arthritis - Suppresses the immune system, decreasing pain and inflammation. Cannabinoid Delivery Methods The active compounds in marijuana are available in several forms and can be administered in a variety of ways. Each delivery method has benefits and disadvantages.
Amounts of active ingredients may vary.Marijuana should be legal for medical purposes, and strictly regulated but legal for recreational use.
Obviously, if it is used for medical purposes, it should be monitored just like other drugs of its class. A lthough marijuana remains prohibited by federal law, an increasing number of states have legalized the drug for medical and recreational use in the past few years.
In fact, some politicians are. Medical cannabis patients are not subject to the limits of the adult-use law and may possess up to 3 oz usable marijuana; 48 oz of marijuana-infused product in solid form; or oz marijuana-infused liquid; 21 g concentrate; 6 plants for personal use and up to 8 oz from those plants.
But if medical marijuana were legalized, there could be repercussions outside the realm of medicine. Opponents worry that legalizing medical marijuana might lead teens to believe that marijuana is safe for recreational use and increase availability of the drug.
Colorado Amendment 64 legalized the sale and possession of marijuana for non-medical use on November 6, , including cultivation of up to six plants with up to three mature.   Second state to legalize recreational marijuana after Washington. Mar 30, · Marijuana should be legalized for both recreational and medicinal use because the US economy can reap significant benefits from legalization as well as create an influx of jobs and also to reduce street and gang disputes relating to marijuana.